WHERE Clause in PostgreSQL

How to use WHERE Clause in PostgreSQL with Examples

🌟 Hello! After covering how to create tables, insert data, and even perform basic queries, it’s time to dig deeper into SQL’s powerful filtering tool: the WHERE clause. This nifty keyword lets you filter records based on specific conditions, giving you the superpower to retrieve exactly what you want from a database. Let’s dive in!

What is the WHERE Clause?

The WHERE clause in PostgreSQL (and SQL in general) is used to filter records based on one or more conditions. You add it right after the FROM keyword in a SELECT query. It works like a gatekeeper, allowing only the records that meet the conditions to be included in the result set.

Basic Syntax

The most basic form of the WHERE clause looks like this:

SELECT column1, column2 FROM table_name WHERE condition;

Example: Filtering Data from the tv_series Table

You remember our friendly tv_series table, don’t you? It’s stocked with data about various fictional TV shows. Let’s say we want to find all the TV series that are currently running.

Using WHERE to Find Running Shows

Here’s how you can use the WHERE clause to do just that:

SELECT name, genre FROM tv_series WHERE is_running = true;
name genre
Stranger Things Science Fiction
The Crown Historical Drama
The Mandalorian Science Fiction

Common Flags and Usage Patterns

Multiple Conditions with AND, OR

You can use AND and OR operators to combine multiple conditions:

SELECT name, genre FROM tv_series WHERE is_running = true AND seasons > 2;

Using Comparison Operators

You can also use comparison operators like <, >, <=, >=, !=:

SELECT name FROM tv_series WHERE seasons >= 5;

String Patterns with LIKE

For text-based conditions, LIKE and ILIKE come in handy:

SELECT name FROM tv_series WHERE name LIKE 'The%';

Common Errors and Solutions

Error Message:

ERROR: column "some_column" does not exist


You’ve likely mistyped a column name in the WHERE clause.


  • Double-check your column names for typos or case sensitivity issues.

Error Message:

ERROR: operator does not exist: text = integer


Mismatched data types in the comparison.


  • Make sure the data types of the columns and the values you are comparing match. You may need to cast one to another.

Error Message:

ERROR: syntax error at or near "WHERE"


You’ve likely made a syntax error near the WHERE keyword.


  • Double-check your query syntax to ensure you’ve placed WHERE correctly and haven’t missed any essential keywords or punctuation.

And there you have it — everything you need to become a WHERE clause wizard! 🧙‍♂️ Now you can filter and refine your data with surgical precision. Till next time, keep querying! 🚀

Leave a Reply